Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Walk in the Footsteps of History in Central Virginia

THIS BRIDGE ITSELF PLAYED A KEY ROLE IN THE END OF THE CIVIL WAR IN AMERICA!
This is from the Virginia State Parks Blog – pretty interesting!!  Appomattox is about 1 hour 30 from The Claiborne House Bed and Breakfast in Rocky Mount Virginia. Remember more battles were fought in Virginia than any other state.   
High Bridge Trail State Park. Norfolk Southern Railway donated the abandoned railroad right aways for these trails. The High Bridge itself played a key role in the end of the Civil War. 
The High Bridge - an historic photo
The bridge's renovations are the last piece of the development 
of the newest Virginia State Park - High Bridge Trail State Park


BATTLE OF HIGH BRIDGE

The Battle of High Bridge was fought on April 6–7, 1865, near the end of the Appomattox Campaign of the American Civil War. On April 6, the Confederate cavalry fought stubbornly to secure the Appomattox River bridges. On April 7, elements of theUnion II Corps came up against Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's rear guard attempting to fire the High Bridge and wagon bridge. Union forces were able to save the wagon bridge over which the II Corps crossed in pursuit of Gen. Robert E. Lee's army. Failure to destroy this bridge enabled Union forces to catch up with the Confederates at Farmville.

Background
High Bridge, 2,500 feet (760 m) long and 126 feet (38 m) high, was the crossing of theSouth Side Railroad over the Appomattox River and its flood plain, 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of Farmville, Virginia.[4] A wooden bridge for wagons was located below the railroad bridge. During the retreat of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, they had moved north of the river, except for a rear guard provided by Longstreet's corps at Rice's Station on the southern bank. The bridges had to be protected and then destroyed to delay the pursuit of the Union Army under Lt. Gen.Ulysses S. Grant.
On April 6, Longstreet dispatched 1,200 Confederate cavalry under [[Major General (CSA)Thomas L. Rosser to protect the bridges from Union raiders. Union Maj. Gen.Edward O. C. Ord, commanding the Army of the James, sent about 900 men underBvt. Brig. Gen. Theodore Read (Ord's chief of staff) to take the bridge. The force consisted of the 123rd Ohio Infantry and the 54th Pennsylvania Infantry, commanded by Lt. Col. Horace Kellogg of the 123rd, and three companies (80 troopers) of the 4th Massachusetts Cavalry under Col. Francis Washburn. The cavalry reached the bridge before the main Confederate force, chased away some home guards, and secured the south end of the bridge

The Claiborne House Bed and Breakfast in Rocky Mount, VA - Blue Ridge Country! You can book your room online at any time right here http://www.claibornehouse.net/  See our sites of interest page to help plan your visit.

The Claiborne House Bed and Breakfast is 15 miles to three exits off The Blue Ridge Parkway.    We were awarded a Certificate of Excellence from Trip Advisor - click here to see our certificate!

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